What Is Type 2 Diabetes?
And How To Reverse It!
A full 38% of the population has prediabetes, so the total of prediabetes + diabetes is 52.3%. This means that for the first time in history, there are more people with the disease than without.
Type 2 diabetes is by far the most common form (around 90% of all cases) and the one which is increasing the most globally. It primarily affects overweight people in middle age or later.
In type 2 diabetes the body has an increasingly harder time to handle all the sugar in the blood. Large amounts of the blood sugar-lowering hormone insulin are produced, but it’s still not enough, as insulin sensitivity decreases. At the time of being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, diabetics usually have ten times more insulin in their bodies than normal. As a side effect, this insulin stores fat and causes weight gain, something that has often been in progress for many years before the disease was diagnosed.
Insulin prescriptions for type 2 diabetics?
Standard medications such as insulin, sulphonylureas, metformin and DPP4’s can reduce blood glucose but do not reduce cardiovascular disease or death. Yes, your sugars will be lower, but no, you will not be healthier. Whether you take the medications or not, you will suffer the same risk of kidney disease, heart disease, stroke and death.
But why don’t these drugs work? High insulin resistance leads to high blood glucose, which is called type 2 diabetes. But it can be most easily understand as overflow of sugar (both glucose and fructose) in the body. Not just the blood, mind you. The entire body. Medications and insulin do nothing to slow down the progression of this organ damage, because they do not eliminate the toxic sugar load from our body. So, what happens when your doctor prescribes insulin? Does it get rid of the sugar from the body? No, not at all. It merely takes the sugar in the blood, and shoves it into the body. Sure, the blood has less glucose, but there’s more in the body. And the next time you eat, the same thing happens. Glucose comes in, spills out into the blood.
For more info check out Dr Jason Fung @ www.dietdoctor.com
How to TEST
Are you diabetic? If you don’t know already, this is simple to test in a few seconds. Either in your doctor’s office or with your own cheap blood glucose meter. Prick your finger and a drop of blood is all that’s needed:
•A normal blood sugar level is up to 6 mmol/l (108 mg/dl) fasting, or up to 8.7 mmol/l (156 mg/dl) after a meal
•A marginally elevated blood sugar level may indicate prediabetes
•Above 7.0 mmol/l (126 mg/dl) fasting, or 12.2 (220) after a meal, indicates that you are diabetic
You may also test your urine with urine test strips: Glucose in the urine usually indicates that you are diabetic.
Test, and you will know.
Where sugar in your blood comes from
The problem for diabetics is that the body has difficulty keeping blood sugar levels down. The blood turns too sweet. So where does sugar in the blood come from?
Sugar in the blood comes from the food that we eat. The foods that turn into different types of sugar as soon as they reach the stomach are called carbohydrates. This means sugar (as in soda, fruit juice, candy) and starch (as in bread, pasta, rice and potatoes).
Starch, in for example bread, is broken down to glucose in the stomach. When glucose enters the blood stream it’s called blood sugar. The more carbohydrates we eat in a meal, the more sugar is absorbed into the blood stream. The more sugar that’s absorbed into the blood stream, the higher the blood sugar will be.
LOW CARB HIGH FAT DIET FOR REVERSAL OF TYPE 2 DIABETES
Contrary to infectious diseases, you cannot treat metabolic disease with a pill, because metabolic diseases such as diabetes are predicated on lifestyle, primarily diet. A low-carb diet means that you eat fewer carbohydrates and a higher proportion of fat. This can also be called a low-carb, high-fat diet (LCHF) or a keto diet.
For decades we’ve been told that fat is detrimental to our health. Meanwhile low-fat “diet” products, often full of sugar, have flooded supermarket shelves. This has been a major mistake, that coincided with the start of the obesity epidemic.
Studies now show that there’s no reason to fear natural fats. Fat is your friend and is essential for the human body. It does NOT lead to clogged arteries or weight gain like we have been told.
On a low-carb diet, you instead minimize your intake of sugar and starches. You can eat other delicious foods until you are satisfied – and still lose weight and reverse your type 2 diabetes.
How does it work? When you avoid sugar and starches, your blood sugar stabilizes and the levels of the fat-storing hormone insulin drop. This increases fat burning and makes you feel more satiated, reducing food intake and causing weight loss.
Studies prove that a low-carb diet makes it easier both to lose weight and to control your blood sugar, among other benefits.
Eat when you’re hungry, until you’re satisfied. It’s that simple. You do not need to count calories or weigh your food. And just forget about industrially produced low-fat products.
Incorporate Intermittent Fasting
Fasting has been used for thousands of years to keep us well. Once you understand what insulin resistance actually is and what Type 2 diabetes is, then you’ll understand why something so simple as abstaining from food for a period of time can be such a powerful intervention.
In essence, fasting is ‘bariatric surgery, without the surgery.’ In nearly all cases of bariatric surgery (stomach stapling), evidence of Type 2 diabetes has disappeared.
The Many Benefits of Intermittent Fasting
Intermittent fasting is a type of scheduled eating plan where you adjust your normal daily eating period to an hours-long window of time without cutting calories.
Throughout history, fasting is a commonplace practice and has been a spiritual tradition for millennia. Today, modern science has proven that fasting yields the following benefits:
- Helps promote insulin sensitivity – Optimal insulin sensitivity is crucial for your health, as insulin resistance or poor insulin sensitivity contributes to nearly all chronic diseases
- Normalizes ghrelin levels, also known as your “hunger hormone”
- Increases the rate of HGH production, which has an important role in health, fitness, and slowing the aging process
- Lowers triglyceride levels
- Helps suppress inflammation and fight free radical damage
Foods to Eliminate from your diet
- Gluten (wheat, rye and barley)
- White potatoes (if you have autoimmune conditions)
- White Sugar
- Fried foods
- Refined Oils (canola, sunflower, safflower)
- Refined Salt
- Fruit juices/pop
- Processed foods
- White four, pastries, bread
Beneficial foods to include in your diet
- Healthy fats, oils (coconut, olive, avocado oil, pastured lard)
- Vegetables/ Leafy Greens
- Sea vegetables/seaweeds
- pastured bacon, lard
- pastured Eggs
- Grass fed meats
- Wild seafood
- Fruits (1-2 servings/day)
- Dark chocolate (above 75% Cacao)
- Coconut yogurt
Coconut milk, Hemp milk, Almond milk, Rice milk
- Coconut milk, Hemp milk, Almond milk, Rice milk
- Coffee, Tea, Herbal teas
- Root vegetables (yams, turnips, beets, carrots etc)
- Natural sweeteners (stevia, xylitol, raw honey)
- Full fat dairy and cream
- Full fat cheese and yogurt
- lentils, beans, quinoa, rice, millet eaten sparingly.
Other Natural Foods for diabetes
Cinnamon improves your body’s sensitivity to insulin so your body doesn’t have to produce as much to get the sugar out of the blood.
In one study, 60 diabetics added 1-6 grams of cinnamon for 40 days, while a placebo group didn’t consume cinnamon for the same length of time.
The results were astounding—every single group that added cinnamon to their diet saw a dramatic decrease in glucose and LDL cholesterol levels. Cinnamon eaters saw up to a 29% reduction in numbers, while the placebo group didn’t even move the needle. 
The results of the study straightforwardly concluded:
“the inclusion of cinnamon in the diet of people with type 2 diabetes will reduce risk factors associated with diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.”
With diabetes, the body stops being able to respond to insulin anymore, which is why it’s called insulin resistance. Cinnamon counteracts this effect by:
- Increasing your glucose uptake
- Activating and insulin receptor called kinase
- Increasing insulin sensitivity.
Cinnamon also acts as a potent antioxidant, lending additional health benefits to the diet. Finally, it adds zero calories, sugars, or fat to your meal, so you can use it generously without any adverse effects.
2. Bitter Melon
Bitter melon has many different names, depending on where you are in the world.
Rich in vitamins and minerals, bitter melon grows on a vine of the Momordica charantia plant and is the most bitter of all fruits and vegetables.
People all around the world have used it for both food and medicine for centuries. And researchers from St. Louis University have even found evidence that bitter melon can hinder the growth of breast cancer cells. (2)
Effect on blood sugar levels
Researchers believe bitter melon contains substances that cause decreases in blood glucose and appetite suppression. In this way, it behaves similarly to insulin.
One study published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology found that 2,000 mg daily of bitter melon lowers blood glucose levels considerably in people with type 2 diabetes. The effect was less than taking a 1,000 mg dose of metformin, which is a medicine often prescribed to control blood sugar levels. (3).
Effect on glucose intolerance
Another study from 2008, suggests bitter melon improves glucose intolerance and suppresses blood glucose levels after meal consumption in animal studies. (4).
Bitter melon is available in many forms:
- raw vegetable form
- a powder
- an herbal supplement
- The vegetable is available at most Asian grocery stores. Powders, supplements, and juices are available at health food stores and sold by online retailers.
How much to consume
Anyone considering taking bitter melon alongside their diabetes treatment should consume no more than:
- 50-100 milliliters daily (or about 2 to 3 ounces spread throughout the day)
- one small bitter melon per day
Supplements should be taken according to the instructions on the packaging. People should check with their doctors to see if it is safe to include supplements to their treatment plan. This is because supplements may counteract the effects of diabetes medications.
Randomized controlled trials showing significantly more weight loss with low carb diets
- Brehm BJ, et al. A Randomized Trial Comparing a Very Low Carbohydrate Diet and a Calorie-Restricted Low Fat Diet on Body Weight and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Healthy Women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2003;88:1617–1623.
- Samaha FF, et al. A Low-Carbohydrate as Compared with a Low-Fat Diet in Severe Obesity. N Engl J Med 2003;348:2074–81.
- Sondike SB, et al. Effects of a low-carbohydrate diet on weight loss and cardiovascular risk factor in overweight adolescents. J Pediatr. 2003 Mar;142(3):253–8.
- Aude YW, et al. The National Cholesterol Education Program Diet vs a Diet Lower in Carbohydrates and Higher in Protein and Monounsaturated Fat. A Randomized Trial. Arch Intern Med. 2004;164:2141–2146.
- Volek JS, et al. Comparison of energy-restricted very low-carbohydrate and low-fat diets on weight loss and body composition in overweight men and women. Nutrition & Metabolism 2004, 1:13.
- Yancy WS Jr, et al. A Low-Carbohydrate, Ketogenic Diet versus a Low-Fat Diet To Treat Obesity and Hyperlipidemia. A Randomized, Controlled Trial. Ann Intern Med. 2004;140:769–777.
- Nichols-Richardsson SM, et al. Perceived Hunger Is Lower and Weight Loss Is Greater in Overweight Premenopausal Women Consuming a Low-Carbohydrate/High- Protein vs High-Carbohydrate/Low-Fat Diet. J Am Diet Assoc. 2005;105:1433–1437.
- Gardner CD, et al. Comparison of the Atkins, Zone, Ornish, and learn Diets for Change in Weight and Related Risk Factors Among Overweight Premenopausal Women. The a to z Weight Loss Study: A Randomized Trial. JAMA. 2007;297:969–977.
- Shai I, et al. Weight loss with a low-carbohydrate, mediterranean, or low-fat diet. N Engl J Med 2008;359(3);229–41.
- Krebs NF, et al. Efficacy and Safety of a High Protein, Low Carbohydrate Diet for Weight Loss in Severely Obese Adolescents. J Pediatr 2010;157:252-8.
- Summer SS, et al. Adiponectin Changes in Relation to the Macronutrient Composition of a Weight-Loss Diet. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2011 Mar 31. [Epub ahead of print]
- Daly ME, et al. Short-term effects of severe dietary carbohydrate-restriction advice in Type 2 diabetes–a randomized controlled trial. Diabet Med. 2006 Jan;23(1):15–20.
- Westman EC, et al. The effect of a low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet versus a low- glycemic index diet on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Nutr. Metab (Lond.)2008 Dec 19;5:36.